Deliverables & Publications

Deliverables

No Deliverable name Lead Participant Dissemination Level
D2.1 Research ethics guidelines for project I UNamur CO
D2.2 State of the art report for ethical, societal and RRI approaches in Border Control UNamur CO
D2.3 RRI Methodology for Project and Development of Initial Scenarios UNamur CO
D2.4 Research ethics guidelines for project II Sciences Po CO
D2.5 Responsible Research and Responsible Innovation Recommendation Sciences Po CO
D3.1 Human factors and motivational issues in border guards’ work: in the front of Smart Borders VTT CO
D3.2 A set of validated Smart Borders scenarios of the future work of border guard VTT CO
D3.3 Initial end-user needs and requirements at border control regarding the existing system and the future Smart Borders system CEA CO
D4.1 Models from the field studies and Literature analysis focused on Human Factors implied at Border crossing CEA CO
D4.2 Requirements for future smarter borders focusing on human factor VTT CO
D5.1 Evaluation of existing systems, recommendations and specifications for document verification AIT CO
D5.2 Evaluation of existing systems, recommendations and specifications for identity verification IN-IDT CO
D5.3 Recommendations and specifications for background data based risk analysis ZANASI CO
D5.4 Recommendations and specifications for video based risk analysis AIT CO
D5.5 Guidelines, recommendations and specifications for management and supervision of ABC TCS CO
D5.6 Mobile scenario description and handling problems, potential improvements AIT CO
D6.1 Recommendations for traveller cooperation ubium CO
D6.2 Recommendations and specifications for management and organization of border staff HappyWise Oy CO
D6.3 Functional design for decision support systems for Smart Borders ATOS SPAIN SA CO
D6.4 Prototype of a Decision Support System for Smart Borders ATOS SPAIN SA CO
D6.5 Innovative gaming and e-learning solutions for border control HappyWise Oy CO
D7.1 Stakeholder map and network CEIS PU
D7.2 WS1 – Scenarios’ assessment and field studies focus CEIS CO
D7.3 WS2 – Human factors requirements for future smart borders CEIS CO
D7.4 WS3 – Best practices in border control staff training CEIS CO
D7.5 WS4 – Innovative interaction assessment CEIS CO
D7.6 WS5 – Traveller’s experience and fundamental right CEIS CO
D7.7 WS6 – Assessment of the project’s results CEIS CO
D7.8 Methodology to measure the success of BODEGA solutions VTT CO
D7.9 PROPER (Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control ) Toolbox development and integration VTT CO
D8.1 Dissemination strategy ZANASI CO
D8.2 Project website UIC PU
D8.3 Private Internet workspace UIC CO
D8.4 Project website report UIC CO
D8.5 User guide for the private Internet workspace UIC CO
D8.6 Social media strategy CEIS CO
D8.7 Exploitation plan ZANASI CO
D8.8 BODEGA showcases : objectives and plan ZANASI PU

Publications

24th-25th October 2018 Digital transformation in border checks: mapping border guard training in automated processes European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC) 2018, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden Automated border control represents one area in the digital transformation of border control. It is gradually becoming a common place particularly at air borders, where the concept of self-service has had the strongest business case also in other steps of the passenger’s journey, such as check-in or baggage drop. Besides providing a means to enhance efficiency and security in passenger clearing processes, the new technology significantly reshapes current ways of conducting border checks from employee perspective. Successful implementation of automated border check technologies thus demands border organizations to equip their workforce with new skills and remodel existing ones. This paper presents a preliminary analysis on current technology training of border guards and assesses its effects on how the new technology is received among employees at the frontline. The results are based on field studies conducted in five EU member states. The study loosely applies a Technology Training Model that extends traditional Technology Acceptance Model by incorporating training as an additional variable to explain employee intention to use new technology.
24th-25th October 2018 Towards Mobile Contactless 4-Fingerprint Authentication for Border Control European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC) 2018, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden In the last years the importance of biometric authentication in border control procedures increased in a way that biometrics have become the core of most border management systems. Current commercial products for mobile border control have not satisfactorily solved both the demand for increasing security checks and the user requirements driven by security personnel such as border guards yet. Due to their flexibility, portable devices are commonly desired during the control process. This paper presents on-going work of an advanced mobile device for border control focusing on usability and integrating new technologies to envision next-generation of mobile devices. The device is based on the MobilePass device but significantly improved. A key technology of the new device is a contactless 4-fingerprint authentication instead of only one in existing solutions. Results based on real data shows the advantages of 4-fingerprint versus 1-fingerprint authentication.
19th September 2018 Rethinking automated borders: risk of discrimination and fundamental rights Multi-conference on Responsible Research and Innovation in Science, Innovation and Society: RRI-ICT, Tartu, Estonia.
20th-21th August 2018 A Framework for Understanding Human Factors Issues in Border Control Automation Human-Work Interaction Design 2018 (HWID’18) – Designing Engaging Automation, 5th IFIP WG 13.6 Working Conference, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland New security threats and increasing traveler flows as well as needs to enhance facilitation and security in EU external cross-border traffic have accelerated the use of novel technologies in border control. Especially at airports, automated border control, more commonly known as e-gates, have been taken widely into use. With e-gates, travelers perform border check as self-service, and the role of the border guards is to monitor or possibly also assist travelers passing the border. The introduction of automated systems significantly reshapes current ways of conducting border control from the border guard’s perspective, and automation thus requires new skills from them. Understanding the effects of automation on the work tasks and work performance of border guards requires thorough examination. This paper introduces key Human Factors issues affecting border guard and border control system performance. The results are based on literature review and field studies conducted in different border control points within six European countries. The paper presents a Human Factors framework for understanding the complex nature of the border control and different factors influencing to both border control process and border guard performance within it.
25th-27th June 2018 BODEGA Project Showcase at SDW 2018 Report Security Document World (SDW) Conference and Exhibition 2018. Queen Elizabeth II (QEII) Centre in London, UK. The event provided the BODEGA consortium with an opportunity to disseminate project results to stakeholders from government and industry as well as from the side of travellers. The event was also leveraged for gathering feedback on the solutions devised during the project and establish useful contacts in view of collaboration initiatives that may be undertaken after the end of BODEGA.
May 2018 BODEGA Sixth Dissemination report Internal report This document constitutes the sixth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M31 and M36 (December 2017 – May 2018).
May 2018 Technology and society at automated borders: challenges for the fundamental rights Master’s thesis publication - Giovanna Sanchez Nieminen The aim of this research is to investigate how new border technologies are affecting and can affect fundamental rights, particularly the right of non-discrimination.
May 2018 Border check training in Finland - Comparison of e-learning tools for practical and legal studies Sari Lindblom-Häkkinen, Saila Heinikoski, Maisa Anttila, The Finnish Border and Coast Guard Academy, Finland The paper discusses the possibilities and challenges in applying e-learning tools in border check training, comparing the training of legal issues and border check practices. The main research question of the paper is how e-learning is utilised in and comport with border guard training.

March 2018

Lessons from Arctic practices in border guard training This article is based on a session of the Finnish Border Guard at an international UArctic Congress and published in the Finnish journal "Rajamme Vartijat"

December 2017

BODEGA Press Release BODEGA - Workshop on Future Border Control - Toward Smart Human / Machine Task Allocation - Communiqué.
bodega_press_release_december_2017.pdf

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BODEGA Fifth Dissemination report This document constitutes the fifth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M25 and M30 (June 2017 – November 2017).

October 2017

BODEGA Second Newsletter link

July 2017

Paper delivered during the AHFE conference Passenger flows are continuously increasing in Europe and the number of border guards does not increase as quickly as it needs. The use of automatic systems such as e-gates and kiosks is envisaged to enhance security and to facilitate the border crossing. Border control activity should be thoroughly studied in order to understand in which ways it would be impacted by the introduction of more technological systems. The purpose of this study is to analyze the current border guards’ activities from a human factor point of view and to provide recommendations and requirements regarding the introduction of the future regulation and the use of automatic systems. The paper introduces the methodology used to investigate human factors at four types of borders based on a systemic human factors approach, organizational factors, technical tools and environmental aspects.

June 2017

BODEGA Fourth Dissemination report This document constitutes the fourth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M19 and M24 (December 2016 – May 2017))
BODEGA Fourth dissemination report

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May 2017

Joint BODEGA-ABC4EU Showcase Event Report This document presents an overview of the activities carried out and the results achieved during the showcase held on May 2nd-5th 2017 in Levi, Finland
Joint BODEGA-ABC4EU Showcase Event Report

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January 2017

Paper published in January 2017 How can technology assessment methodologies be developed to move ethical questions to the forefront of enquiry? This methodological question was one of the key factors in an exercise in Responsible Research and Innovation carried out as part of SNIFFPHONE, a project on medical diagnostics. This paper discusses the methods used to apply Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in SNIFFPHONE, one of the European Commission’s H2020 projects. In addition we will describe shortly implementation plan and first activities of RRI in another H2020 project, called BODEGA. The aim of the project is to build an expertise at the European level about human factors in future smart borders (e.g. ABC gates, video based risk analysis) in a way to enhance its efficiency without negative side effects. From technology assessment to responsible research and innovation (RRI)

December 2016

[BODEGA Third Dissemination report>/IMG/pdf/bodega_-_m18_dissemination_report.pdf] This document constitutes the third of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M13 and M18 (June 2016 – November 2016))
BODEGA Third dissemination report

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June 2016

Press release This press release reports on BODEGA field studies carried out at Rome Fiumicino Airport on June 21st-22nd 2016.
BODEGA press release - June 2016

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BODEGA Second Dissemination report This document constitutes the second of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M7 and M12 (December 2015 – May 2016)
BODEGA Second dissemination report

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BODEGA Poster
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May 2016

BODEGA paper delivered during the 2016 WCRR conference The European Union is developing a new organisational concept of its borders, the “Smart Border Initiative”, in order to facilitate door-to-door travel and improve economic exchanges. Within this framework, and to cope with the increasing demands of growing cross-border flows, the Border Guard authorities are searching for new innovative solutions for border checks technologies, processes and will invest in infrastructure. The challenge is to organise a new efficient border control facing up to the risks and threats linked to illegal immigration without penalising the normal flows of passengers and goods needed by the European economy. From the traveller’s point of view, the border checks should be a simple, fast and hassle free process. In this context of a future vision of the borders, the European project named “BODEGA” (BOrDErGuArd – Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control; www.bodega-project.eu) will help travellers to access and pass the border control system smoothly by introducing totally new and innovative tools for border guard training and traveller guidance. BODEGA’s approach will proactively target the needs and requirements of different groups of stakeholders, including citizens, especially regular travellers. BODEGA will develop recommendations to improve the overall performance in border checks and therefore contribute to the effectiveness and security of European borders. The originality of this approach is to develop a multi-disciplinary international expertise and develop a novel methodology including ethical, societal and legal considerations into a set of human, organisational and technical factors. Within the project, the International Union of Railways (UIC) will defend the railway interests vis-à-vis other transport modes. UIC will implement practical cases concerning field studies at border control. UIC will also collect and analyse the end users’ current and future needs from the point of view of human, organisational and technical aspects. UIC will also be in charge of the dissemination within the rail sector. The expected impacts for the railways are to improve the efficiency and attractiveness of rail transport by facilitating the flow of regular travellers and speeding up border crossing for travellers.
BODEGA article in UIC Focus - April 2016
Focus: Europe – Innovating for the Future European ay System BODEGA article in UIC focus

April 2016

BODEGA Presentation General presentation of the project given by UIC during the transport Research Arena (TRA) conference held on 17-21 April 2016, Warsaw, Poland
BODEGA general presentation, TRA 2016

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March 2016

BODEGA article in a Finnish journal Teknologia on yhä tärkeämpää rajatarkastajan työssä. Rajavartija käyttää erilaisia tietojärjestelmiä ja teknisiä apuvälineitä päivittäin. Esimerkiksi asiakirja- ja sormenjälkilukijoita hyödynnetään maahantuloedellytysten tutkinnassa ja maastalähtötarkastuksissa. link

January 2016

BODEGA First Newsletter link

October 2015

BODEGA presentation on Testing the borders of the future Presentation delivered by KEMEA at the 2015 EU-Lisa conference
BODEGA presentation on Testing the borders of the future (At EU Lisa conference))

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June 2015

BODEGA First Dissemination report This document constitutes the first of the six six-monthly reports that will be regularly produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months.
BODEGA First Dissemination report

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