Publications

October 2018

Digital transformation in border checks: mapping border guard training in automated processes (24th-25th October 2018)

  • Event: European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC) 2018, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden
  • Abstract: Automated border control represents one area in the digital transformation of border control. It is gradually becoming a common place particularly at air borders, where the concept of self-service has had the strongest business case also in other steps of the passenger’s journey, such as check-in or baggage drop. Besides providing a means to enhance efficiency and security in passenger clearing processes, the new technology significantly reshapes current ways of conducting border checks from employee perspective. Successful implementation of automated border check technologies thus demands border organizations to equip their workforce with new skills and remodel existing ones. This paper presents a preliminary analysis on current technology training of border guards and assesses its effects on how the new technology is received among employees at the frontline. The results are based on field studies conducted in five EU member states. The study loosely applies a Technology Training Model that extends traditional Technology Acceptance Model by incorporating training as an additional variable to explain employee intention to use new technology.

Towards Mobile Contactless 4-Fingerprint Authentication for Border Control (24th-25th October 2018)

  • Event: European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference (EISIC) 2018, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden
  • Abstract: In the last years the importance of biometric authentication in border control procedures increased in a way that biometrics have become the core of most border management systems. Current commercial products for mobile border control have not satisfactorily solved both the demand for increasing security checks and the user requirements driven by security personnel such as border guards yet. Due to their flexibility, portable devices are commonly desired during the control process. This paper presents on-going work of an advanced mobile device for border control focusing on usability and integrating new technologies to envision next-generation of mobile devices. The device is based on the MobilePass device but significantly improved. A key technology of the new device is a contactless 4-fingerprint authentication instead of only one in existing solutions. Results based on real data shows the advantages of 4-fingerprint versus 1-fingerprint authentication.

September 2018

Rethinking automated borders: risk of discrimination and fundamental rights (19th September 2018)

August 2018

A Framework for Understanding Human Factors Issues in Border Control Automation (20th-21th August 2018)

  • Event: Human-Work Interaction Design 2018 (HWID’18) – Designing Engaging Automation, 5th IFIP WG 13.6 Working Conference, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland
  • Abstract: New security threats and increasing traveler flows as well as needs to enhance facilitation and security in EU external cross-border traffic have accelerated the use of novel technologies in border control. Especially at airports, automated border control, more commonly known as e-gates, have been taken widely into use. With e-gates, travelers perform border check as self-service, and the role of the border guards is to monitor or possibly also assist travelers passing the border. The introduction of automated systems significantly reshapes current ways of conducting border control from the border guard’s perspective, and automation thus requires new skills from them. Understanding the effects of automation on the work tasks and work performance of border guards requires thorough examination. This paper introduces key Human Factors issues affecting border guard and border control system performance. The results are based on literature review and field studies conducted in different border control points within six European countries. The paper presents a Human Factors framework for understanding the complex nature of the border control and different factors influencing to both border control process and border guard performance within it.

June 2018

BODEGA Project Showcase at SDW 2018 Report (25th-27th June 2018)

  • Event: Security Document World (SDW) Conference and Exhibition 2018. Queen Elizabeth II (QEII) Centre in London, UK.
  • Description: The event provided the BODEGA consortium with an opportunity to disseminate project results to stakeholders from government and industry as well as from the side of travellers. The event was also leveraged for gathering feedback on the solutions devised during the project and establish useful contacts in view of collaboration initiatives that may be undertaken after the end of BODEGA.

May 2018

BODEGA Sixth Dissemination report

  • Description: This document constitutes the sixth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M31 and M36 (December 2017 – May 2018).

Technology and society at automated borders: challenges for the fundamental rights

  • Description: Master’s thesis publication. The aim of this research is to investigate how new border technologies are affecting and can affect fundamental rights, particularly the right of non-discrimination.
  • Author: Giovanna Sanchez Nieminen.

Border check training in Finland - Comparison of e-learning tools for practical and legal studies

  • Abstract: The paper discusses the possibilities and challenges in applying e-learning tools in border check training, comparing the training of legal issues and border check practices. The main research question of the paper is how e-learning is utilised in and comport with border guard training.
  • Authors: Sari Lindblom-Häkkinen, Saila Heinikoski, Maisa Anttila, the Finnish Border and Coast Guard Academy, Finland.

March 2018

Lessons from Arctic practices in border guard training

  • Description: This article is based on a session of the Finnish Border Guard at an international UArctic Congress and published in the Finnish journal "Rajamme Vartijat".

December 2017

BODEGA Press Release

  • Description: Workshop on Future Border Control - Toward Smart Human/Machine Task Allocation|15 European Border Management practitioners from national authorities and experts of 9 different Member States attended this event. Europol, The European Passenger Federation and the Eurosint Forum were represented.

BODEGA Fifth Dissemination report

  • Description: This document constitutes the fifth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M25 and M30 (June 2017 – November 2017).

October 2017

BODEGA Second newsletter

  • Description: This newsletter presented the BODEGA project, the traveller’s survey available in 8 langages, the field studies carried out in 6 EU countries, the first project results addressed at the joint BODEGA-ABC4EU showcase event in Finland and the BODEGA participation to a joint exploitation event in Paris.

July 2017

Human Factors Approach to Study Border Control Automation Impacts and Needs: Methodology and Preliminary Results of Field Studies.

  • Event: Paper delivered during the AHFE conference.
  • Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze the current border guards’ activities from a human factor point of view and to provide recommendations and requirements regarding the introduction of the future regulation and the use of automatic systems. The paper introduces the methodology used to investigate human factors at four types of borders based on a systemic human factors approach, organizational factors, technical tools and environmental aspects.
  • Authors: Elise Le Guellec, Christine Megard, Virginie Papillault, Sonia Huguenin, Grigore Havârneanu, Juliette Richoux, Sirra Toivonen

June 2017

BODEGA Fourth Dissemination report

  • Description: This document constitutes the fourth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M19 and M24 (December 2016 – May 2017).

May 2017

Joint BODEGA-ABC4EU Showcase Event Report

  • Description: This document presents an overview of the activities carried out and the results achieved during the showcase held on May 2nd-5th 2017 in Levi, Finland|

January 2017

From technology assessment to responsible research and innovation (RRI).

  • Abstract: How can technology assessment methodologies be developed to move ethical questions to the forefront of enquiry? This methodological question was one of the key factors in an exercise in Responsible Research and Innovation carried out as part of SNIFFPHONE, a project on medical diagnostics. This paper discusses the methods used to apply Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in SNIFFPHONE, one of the European Commission’s H2020 projects. In addition we described shortly implementation plan and first activities of RRI in another H2020 project, called BODEGA. The aim of the project is to build an expertise at the European level about human factors in future smart borders (e.g. ABC gates, video based risk analysis) in a way to enhance its efficiency without negative side effects.
  • Authors: John Pearson, Robert Gianni, Veikko Ikonen, Hossam Haick

December 2016

BODEGA Third Dissemination report

  • Description: This document constitutes the third of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M13 and M18 (June 2016 – November 2016).

June 2016

BODEGA Press Release

  • Description: This press release presented the BODEGA field studies carried out at Rome Fiumicino Airport on June 21st-22nd 2016.
    The two-day event was organised by Agenzia delle Dogane e dei Monopoli (ADM) and saw the participation of a delegation from the BODEGA consortium alongside representatives of Polizia di Frontiera.

BODEGA Second Dissemination report

  • Description: This document constitutes the second of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M7 and M12 (December 2015 – May 2016).

BODEGA Poster

May 2016

Passenger mobility at future border checks

  • Event: Paper delivered during the 2016 WCRR conference.
  • Abstract: The European Union is developing a new organisational concept of its borders, the “Smart Border Initiative”, in order to facilitate door-to-door travel and improve economic exchanges. Within this framework, and to cope with the increasing demands of growing cross-border flows, the Border Guard authorities are searching for new innovative solutions for border checks technologies, processes and will invest in infrastructure. The challenge is to organise a new efficient border control facing up to the risks and threats linked to illegal immigration without penalising the normal flows of passengers and goods needed by the European economy. From the traveller’s point of view, the border checks should be a simple, fast and hassle free process. In this context of a future vision of the borders, the European project named “BODEGA” (BOrDErGuArd – Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control; www.bodega-project.eu) will help travellers to access and pass the border control system smoothly by introducing totally new and innovative tools for border guard training and traveller guidance. BODEGA’s approach will proactively target the needs and requirements of different groups of stakeholders, including citizens, especially regular travellers. BODEGA will develop recommendations to improve the overall performance in border checks and therefore contribute to the effectiveness and security of European borders. The originality of this approach is to develop a multi-disciplinary international expertise and develop a novel methodology including ethical, societal and legal considerations into a set of human, organisational and technical factors.
  • Authors: Virginie Papillault, Jacques Colliard

April 2016

BODEGA research project in the perspective of the EU "Smart Borders" initiative

  • Event: Presentation delivered during the Transport Research Arena (TRA) conference, held on 17-21 April 2016, Warsaw, Poland
  • Description: General presentation of the BODEGA project given by UIC.

Innovating for the future European railway system

  • Description: Article presenting BODEGA’s project in the UIC focus edition.

March 2016

Rajatarkastus - ihmisen ja teknologian yhteistyötä

  • Abstract: Teknologia on yhä tärkeämpää rajatarkastajan työssä. Rajavartija käyttää erilaisia tietojärjestelmiä ja teknisiä apuvälineitä päivittäin. Esimerkiksi asiakirja- ja sormenjälkilukijoita hyödynnetään maahantuloedellytysten tutkinnassa ja maastalähtötarkastuksissa.
  • Author: Maisa Anttila

January 2016

BODEGA First Newsletter

  • Description: This newsletter addressed the Border management experts debate in the first workshop, the presentation of BODEGA at the EU-LISA conference in Tallinn, the first BODEGA field studies carried out in Athens, and the European Smarter Borders Forum on LinkedIn.

October 2015

Testing the borders of the future (National perspective)

  • Description: Presentation of the smart borders pilots in Athens,the FastPass Sea Borders Scenario and BODEGA’s project.
  • Event: Presentation delivered by KEMEA at the 2015 eu-LISA conference

June 2015

BODEGA First Dissemination report

  • Description: This document constitutes the first of the six six-monthly reports that will be regularly produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months.