Project structure

General Structure

WP1 - Management (led by VTT)

WP1 focuses on the day-to-day management tasks of the BODEGA project, ensuring that it stays on track, and that all planned deliverables are met.

WP2 - Responsible Research and Innovation ( led by University of Namur)

WP2 will develop a Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) framework for the BODEGA project. The framework will be integrated into other work packages
Work Package 2 creates an analytical overview of existing approaches to the consideration of human factors in border control. Particular attention will be paid to the integration of ethical and societal issues in order to clarify a clear mapping of possible areas for innovation and unclear problems.

WP3 - Border guard’s work and border control: end-user requirements for future Smart Borders (led by VTT)

WP3 will produce an understanding of the human factors and motivational issues of border guard’s work and border control tasks. The physical, organisational and technical environment will be taken into account. This understanding will be mainly achieved thorough field studies in which border guard work is observed and studied by interviewing different stakeholders including border guards, decision makers and passengers. The field studies will be carried out at several air, sea and land borders.

The objectives are :

  • Construct an understanding of the human factors and motivational issues of border guard’s work and border control tasks,
    • physical,
    • organisational
    • technical environment
  • Collect, analyse and synthesise human factor -needs and requirements
    • Smart Borders
    • Smarter solutions
    • Automated border control.
  • Provide input to PROPER toolbox
    • Repository of human factors requirements
    • Field study methodologies
    • Task models

WP4 - Human factors Analysis : In-depth cognitive assessment and first requirements for future smarter borders focusing on human factors (led by CEA)

In WP4, the data from WP3 will be organized within task models to deliver a comprehensive picture of the human factors at border crossing. Work package 4 will also process the data gathered in WP3 for an in-depth inquiry of skills and effective abilities of border controllers implied during border control. The study will focus on cognitive processes implied during document verification, identity verification and more particularly to perception strategies and attention (for example face recognition), situation awareness and decision making. WP4 will provide first requirements for smarter borders regarding human factors.

The objectives are

  • Build Task models from cognitive task analysis performed in WP3 to be used in WP5 and WP6 for
    • Document verification
    • Identity verification
    • Background data based risk analysis (Information systems used by borderguards)
    • Video based risk analysis
    • ABC: interaction with border guards
    • HM Interfacing operating a mobile device when a passenger is checked at a border : traveller’s point of view, gamification and e-learning, decision support systems
  • Provide an in-depth literature inquiry about :
    • The human factors addressed at borders in light of the cognitive task analysis in Processes implied in identity and document verification, (perception and attention, situation awareness, decision making, vigilance …
    • Human-machine Task allocation in complex systems; lessons learned from other field domains like air traffic control or industrial and nuclear power plants
    • Organizational issues (shifts, collaborative work)
  • Provide first requirements for smarter borders regarding human factors.

WP5 - Innovative interaction between technologies and humans (led by Thales)

Based on WP2, WP3 and WP4 findings, WP5 will concentrate on the border control task allocation between human and machine. It will propose innovative interaction between humans and technologies. The study will focus on traditional duties like document verification, identity verification and risk assessment on the travellers. WP5 will produce recommendations based on studies and/or mock-ups to simplify the border guard’s operational mission. These recommendations will be integrated into the PROPER toolbox. In relation with WP7 this output will be used to evaluate how the different concepts are working.

The objective is to provide recommendations on innovative interaction between technologies and humans for

  • Document verification
  • Identity verification
  • Data based risk analysis
  • Video based risk analysis
  • ABC: interaction with the border guard
  • HMI using mobile device Multi-modal biometric enrolment and identification systems, identity documents issuance

WP6 - Innovative processes and organisation (led by ATOS)

WP6 will take advantage of WP2, WP3 and WP4 findings, and incorporate those into processes that are part of the rail, road, maritime and air border control activities. The study will take into account processes from both travellers and border guards’ points of view. Work package 6 will also investigate mid and long-term decision making processes in regard to the border controls for the different environments. Innovative game and e-learning solutions will be designed and
piloted.

The objectives are

  • Facilitate control processes to travelers
    • Establish clear and explicit guidelines for enhancing travelers cooperation, of the border control processes, increasing effectiveness of the border crossing process from the travelers point of view
  • Strengthened border control staff capabilities
    • Establish of homogenous, best practices of training, organizing, managing and skill and knowledge maintenance for the border control staff
  • Improved decision-making process:
    • Definition of key factors to be included in mid- and long-term decision-making processes
    • Guidelines for decision support systems to be used in smart borders
  • Demonstration:
    • Demonstrating innovative gaming and e-learning solutions for border control (e.g. for training, traveler experience)

WP7 - Innovation, integration of the toolbox and iterative assessment (led by CEIS)

WP7 will gather end users’, border management decision-makers, border guards and travellers’ representatives, inputs and assess the results of the project iteratively. The work package will start with identifying the various stakeholders on EU border control and security from policy makers to industry to researchers in previous border control projects, to create a network for facilitating the exchange of best practices and for co-developing the Toolbox. Then Work package 7 will integrate the validated results as a toolbox and create a network of stakeholders and facilitate the exchange of best practices between end-users, researchers and the academic and scientific community.

The objective of this work package are

  • Build up a comprehensive stakeholder map and a network for the gathering end users’ - border management decision-makers, border guards and travellers’ representatives - inputs and assessing the results of the project relying on an iterative feedback process in different phases of the project.
  • Create a network of stakeholders and facilitating the exchange of best practices between end-users, researchers and the academic and scientific community and related projects conducted in the framework of FP7 and, if applicable, H2020. This will be done in workshops but also through private internet workspace accomplished in WP8.
  • Ensure and show in measurable terms that the results developed in earlier work packages will of high quality for end users and with regards to innovativeness and applicability in border control. This aim will be achieved by designing a common methodology and criteria for measuring the success of the results and arranging validation and evaluation actions through a number of end user workshops and iterative co-design activities.
  • Collect the validated results in a toolbox - PROPER Toolbox – to promote taking the results into use for the benefit of border control and the work of border guards. The Toolbox will be carefully validated as well with different users and stakeholders.

WP8 - Dissemination and Exploitation (led by Zanasi & partners)

WP8 manages the dissemination of the knowledge generated and the results achieved during the whole project duration. The work carried out in WP8 is intended to generate awareness of the BODEGA project across any interested stakeholder, including border control authorities, law enforcement agencies, experts in privacy and ethical issues, psychologists, artificial intelligence practitioners, manufacturers of border control technologies (both hardware and software), teaching and training institutions, governmental and enterprise decision-makers.