Content

Mobile identity management (v4)
Person separation (v1-1)
Queue length (v1-1)
ProFace: Facial recognition tool.
ProFace is a tool available in first line suitable for all border crossing point. It is integrated with the current environment of border guards (document information received by the scanner reader and data based results). ProFace give all the inputs to the border guards to let them take the right decision about a traveler. ProFace is useful to detect look alike and also to take a decision for a child thanks to an ageing feature. Copyright: Thales

The Joint BODEGA-ABC4EU Showcase Event took place on May 2nd - 5th 2017 in Levi, Finland, hosted at the Levi Spa Hotel. The event provided an opportunity to expand the enduser community of the BODEGA and ABC4EU research projects while contributing to the dissemination, discussion and validation of their results. While the aim of BODEGA is to enhance efficiency, security and traveller experience of the border control process taking into account human factors and ethical aspects, ABC4EU1 (Automated Border Control Gates for Europe) aims to harmonise border control technology in accordance with Smart Borders legislation.

The initiative was conceived in response to the European Commission’s call for greater cooperation between EC-funded research projects. A special focus was placed on discussing the preliminary results of the two projects in light of the EU’s changing legislation in the area of border control. The event saw the participation of 43 persons including members of EU and national law-enforcement agencies, representatives of Ministries of Internal Affairs of EUMember States, European universities, lobby groups and NGOs involved in activities related to security, technology and ethics. Chatham house rules were adopted throughout the event in order to stimulate open discussion. An Etherpad solution was also put in place allowing participants to ask questions in real-time and exchange views in an anonymous fashion.

The event was articulated into 7 thematic workshops:

  • Workshop 1 examined lessons learned from previous Automated Border Control facilitation
  • projects;
  • Workshop 2 looked at the role of technology as a European wide solution;
  • Workshop 3 focused on the results of BODEGA field studies and ABC4EU pilot
  • tests;
  • Workshop 4 featured an expert panel discussion around issues related to ethics, responsible research and innovation and border control;
  • Workshop 5 was dedicated to the testing of prototype solutions developed during different projects;
  • Workshop 6 hosted a meeting of the ABC4EU External End User Advisory Board;
  • Workshop 7 consisted of a group discussion around a set of key questions put forward by the European Commission.

For further information, consult the full report

On 29 June, the second BODEGA workshop gathers European border control experts to exchange on the challenges raised by the implementation of stronger and smarter borders.

This workshop focussing on the consequences of the digitalisation of border control processes gathered eighteen border control professionals from different relevant Member States’ services – police, customs, border guard agencies – representing 12 European countries. The European agency FRONTEX was also in attendance.

This event was organised by CEIS in the framework of the European H2020 Security project BODEGA “BorDErGuArd – Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control”. The objective of BODEGA is to assess the impact of the current European legislative procedure and technological developments on the work of border control practitioners. The outcomes of the project aim at taking into account human factor aspects in relation to border control and thus improving the efficiency of the process without creating negative side effects for border control agents and managers, and for travellers.

Link to ESBF Forum : Linkedin

On 12 November, a one day end-users workshop was organised in Brussels in the context of BODEGA project (BOrdDErGuArd – Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control). This was the first workshop from a series of six workshops scheduled during the project’s duration organised by CEIS (European Company for Intelligence Strategy).

BODEGA is a European research project with the following main objectives:

  • Develop an approach with ethical, societal considerations into a set of human, organisational and technical factors
  • Construct a greater understanding of border guard’s work and border control (future smart borders)
  • Design and develop new guidelines, recommendations and specifications
  • Develop and validate a toolbox for decision-makers

This workshop was a real success with the attendance of 30 people from all over Europe: Federal Police of Belgium, Border and Coast Guard Academy, Hellenic Police, Dutch Police, FRONTEX, customs and part of the BODEGA consortium members (VTT, UIC, CEA, Thales, CEIS, Hellenic Police and Border and Coast Guard Academy).

This workshop was also the opportunity to present the end user’s perspective on Smart Borders. A scenario was then presented, allowing for interactions and reactions from various police end-users, and to have their feedback and suggestions.
In the afternoon, the consortium members presented the organisational, human and technical factors that they had already indentified in the framework of BODEGA.
This workshop allowed the consortium of BODEGA to adjust their understanding of the issue of BODEGA to the reality thanks to the suggestions, explanations and advice of the present police representatives and border guards.

The workshop was really fruitful and interactive thanks to the implication of both the consortium of BODEGA and the end-users and will help UIC to coordinate the BODEGA field studies on all four transport modes (air, maritime, rail and road).
Beyond this workshop and still in the framework of BODEGA, UIC wants to point out that Polish Railways (PKP PLK S.A.) has accepted UIC’s proposal that their company would provide the support/assistance for BODEGA Project Consortium in relation with the Polish Border Guards during the implementation of the project in the frame of their possibilities and competence, excluding any financial or in-kind commitment. They assume that making contact with the parties engaged in the project is the responsibility of the project officers. They suggested getting in touch with the security entities at the border point in advance.

Link to the summary: UIC e-news

Link to Bodega Newsletter :link

On 18 & 19 January 2017, CEIS organised a workshop entitled “Digital Transformation in Border Control – The Impact on Border Guards’ Work and Training” within Atos premises in Madrid.

This event was held in the framework of the BODEGA project - www.bodega-project.eu.

18 European Border Management practitioners stemming from national authorities of 7 different Member States attended this event. Frontex - the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, the United States Department of Homeland Security and the World Customs Organisation were represented as well.

On this occasion CEIS, VTT and UIC presented some of the results of the research conducted within the BODEGA project and representatives from Frontex, the United States Department of Homeland Security and the Royal Netherlands Maréchaussée presented their views on the impact of Digital Transformation within their respective organisations.

Each presentation led to thorough exchanges with the audience and allowed the BODEGA team for gathering valuable inputs to inform the next steps of the research.

Also, two technology demonstrations were organised during this event. On the first day Atos presented a mobile device compatible with the upcoming EU Stronger and Smarter Border legislation and on the second day Thales demonstrated a mobile device made for the enrollment of biometrics data.

This event was organised by CEIS in the framework of the European H2020 Security project BODEGA - “BorDErGuArd – Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control”. The objective of BODEGA is to assess the impact of the current European legislative procedure and technological developments on the work of border control practitioners. The outcomes of the project aim at taking into account human factor aspects in relation to border control and thus improving the efficiency of the process without creating negative side effects for border control agents and managers, and for travellers.

Link to the ESBF Forum : https://www.linkedin.com/groups/8414124/8414124-6242744905752547329

Link
LinkedIn - European Smarter Borders Forum

Objective of the ESBF forum
The objective of the European Smarter Borders Forum is to foster exchanges of ideas among border management professionals, academics and the industry in the context of the discussions on the Smart Borders package at the EU level.

The forum will become a platform for knowledge exchange and discussions on topics pertaining to smart borders, border management decision-making processes and optimisation of travellers’ performance. It also intends to facilitate relations among European border management professionals by allowing them to share best practices as well as relevant pieces of news such as events, studies and press articles.

Target audience of the ESBF forum:

Border Guards, Border Guards’ Managers, Customs, Police, Travellers’ Representatives and other stakeholders impacted by the implementation of the Smart Borders.

December 2017

BODEGA Press Release BODEGA - Workshop on Future Border Control - Toward Smart Human / Machine Task Allocation - Communiqué.
bodega_press_release_december_2017.pdf

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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D7.5 - End-user Workshop 4 - Innovative Interaction Assessment - Summary
BODEGA Fifth Dissemination report This document constitutes the fifth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M25 and M30 (June 2017 – November 2017).

July 2017

Paper delivered during the AHFE conference Passenger flows are continuously increasing in Europe and the number of border guards does not increase as quickly as it needs. The use of automatic systems such as e-gates and kiosks is envisaged to enhance security and to facilitate the border crossing. Border control activity should be thoroughly studied in order to understand in which ways it would be impacted by the introduction of more technological systems. The purpose of this study is to analyze the current border guards’ activities from a human factor point of view and to provide recommendations and requirements regarding the introduction of the future regulation and the use of automatic systems. The paper introduces the methodology used to investigate human factors at four types of borders based on a systemic human factors approach, organizational factors, technical tools and environmental aspects.

June 2017

BODEGA Fourth Dissemination report This document constitutes the fourth of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M19 and M24 (December 2016 – May 2017))
BODEGA Fourth dissemination report

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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D4.1 Models from the field studies and Literature analysis focused on Human Factors implied at Border crossing - Summary

May 2017

Joint BODEGA-ABC4EU Showcase Event Report This document presents an overview of the activities carried out and the results achieved during the showcase held on May 2nd-5th 2017 in Levi, Finland
Joint BODEGA-ABC4EU Showcase Event Report

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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D8.7 Exploitation plan – Summary

March 2017

BODEGA Public deliverable summary D7.4 – End User Workshop 3, Best practices in Border Control Staff & training - Summary

February 2017

BODEGA Public deliverable summary D3.3 Initial end-user needs and requirements at border control regarding the existing system and the future Smart Borders system - Summary

January 2017

Paper published in January 2017 How can technology assessment methodologies be developed to move ethical questions to the forefront of enquiry? This methodological question was one of the key factors in an exercise in Responsible Research and Innovation carried out as part of SNIFFPHONE, a project on medical diagnostics. This paper discusses the methods used to apply Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in SNIFFPHONE, one of the European Commission’s H2020 projects. In addition we will describe shortly implementation plan and first activities of RRI in another H2020 project, called BODEGA. The aim of the project is to build an expertise at the European level about human factors in future smart borders (e.g. ABC gates, video based risk analysis) in a way to enhance its efficiency without negative side effects. From technology assessment to responsible research and innovation (RRI)
Deliverable 7.1 This deliverable provides a description of BODEGA project’s stakeholder map and network and its applicability in the project

December 2016

BODEGA Third Dissemination report This document constitutes the third of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M13 and M18 (June 2016 – November 2016))
BODEGA Third dissemination report

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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D2.3 RRI Methodology for Project and Development of Initial Scenarios – Summary

June 2016

Press release This press release reports on BODEGA field studies carried out at Rome Fiumicino Airport on June 21st-22nd 2016.
BODEGA press release - June 2016

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BODEGA Second Dissemination report This document constitutes the second of the six six-monthly reports that will be produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months. The activities illustrated in the present report have been conducted during the period between M7 and M12 (December 2015 – May 2016)
BODEGA Second dissemination report

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Deliverable D8.8 BODEGA showcases: objectives and plan
BODEGA Poster
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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D3.2 Smart Borders Scenarios - Summary

May 2016

BODEGA paper delivered during the 2016 WCRR conference The European Union is developing a new organisational concept of its borders, the “Smart Border Initiative”, in order to facilitate door-to-door travel and improve economic exchanges. Within this framework, and to cope with the increasing demands of growing cross-border flows, the Border Guard authorities are searching for new innovative solutions for border checks technologies, processes and will invest in infrastructure. The challenge is to organise a new efficient border control facing up to the risks and threats linked to illegal immigration without penalising the normal flows of passengers and goods needed by the European economy. From the traveller’s point of view, the border checks should be a simple, fast and hassle free process. In this context of a future vision of the borders, the European project named “BODEGA” (BOrDErGuArd – Proactive Enhancement of Human Performance in Border Control; www.bodega-project.eu) will help travellers to access and pass the border control system smoothly by introducing totally new and innovative tools for border guard training and traveller guidance. BODEGA’s approach will proactively target the needs and requirements of different groups of stakeholders, including citizens, especially regular travellers. BODEGA will develop recommendations to improve the overall performance in border checks and therefore contribute to the effectiveness and security of European borders. The originality of this approach is to develop a multi-disciplinary international expertise and develop a novel methodology including ethical, societal and legal considerations into a set of human, organisational and technical factors. Within the project, the International Union of Railways (UIC) will defend the railway interests vis-à-vis other transport modes. UIC will implement practical cases concerning field studies at border control. UIC will also collect and analyse the end users’ current and future needs from the point of view of human, organisational and technical aspects. UIC will also be in charge of the dissemination within the rail sector. The expected impacts for the railways are to improve the efficiency and attractiveness of rail transport by facilitating the flow of regular travellers and speeding up border crossing for travellers.
BODEGA article in UIC Focus - April 2016
Focus: Europe – Innovating for the Future European ay System BODEGA article in UIC focus

April 2016

BODEGA Presentation General presentation of the project given by UIC during the transport Research Arena (TRA) conference held on 17-21 April 2016, Warsaw, Poland
BODEGA general presentation, TRA 2016

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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D2.2 State of the art report for ethical, societal and RRI approaches in Border Control – Summary

March 2016

BODEGA article in a Finnish journal Teknologia on yhä tärkeämpää rajatarkastajan työssä. Rajavartija käyttää erilaisia tietojärjestelmiä ja teknisiä apuvälineitä päivittäin. Esimerkiksi asiakirja- ja sormenjälkilukijoita hyödynnetään maahantuloedellytysten tutkinnassa ja maastalähtötarkastuksissa. link

January 2016

BODEGA First Newsletter link
BODEGA Public deliverable summary D8.5 User guide for the private Internet workspace – Summary
BODEGA Public deliverable summary D8.6 Social media strategy – Summary

December 2015

BODEGA Public deliverable summary D3.1 Human factors and motivational issues in border guards’ work: in the front of Smart Borders – Summary
BODEGA Public deliverable summary D8.4 Project website report – Summary

October 2015

BODEGA presentation on Testing the borders of the future Presentation delivered by KEMEA at the 2015 EU-Lisa conference
BODEGA presentation on Testing the borders of the future (At EU Lisa conference))

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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D2.1 Research ethics guidelines for project I – Summary

September 2015

BODEGA Public deliverable summary D8.1 Dissemination strategy – Summary

June 2015

BODEGA First Dissemination report This document constitutes the first of the six six-monthly reports that will be regularly produced throughout the BODEGA project in order to summarise the dissemination activities carried out in the previous six months.
BODEGA First Dissemination report

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BODEGA Public deliverable summary D8.3 Private Internet Workspace – Summary

EU stakeholders and decision-makers

European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex)

European Commission - http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/home

  • EU Internal Security Committee (COSI)
  • Strategic Committee on Immigration,Frontiers and Asylum (SCIFA)
  • Frontiers Working Party JAI-RELEX
  • Working Party (JAIEX)
  • Working Party on Integration, Migration and Expulsion
  • Schengen Evaluation Working Party
  • CCWP (Council Customs Cooperation Working Party)

European border control authorities and law enforcement agencies

Organisation Country Website
Polizei Austria http://www.bmi.gv.at
Police/Politie Belgium http://www.polfed-fedpol.be
Гранична полиция Bulgaria http://www.mvr.bg
Police Cyprus http://www.police.gov.cy
Služba cizinecké a pohraniční policie Czech Republic http://www.policie.cz
Politi Denmark http://www.politi.dk
Politsei-ja Piirivalveamet Estonia http://www.politsei.ee
Finnish Border Guard Finland http://www.raja.fi
Finnish Ministry of the Interior (Ministry for Internal Security) Finland http://www.intermin.fi
Police Aux Frontières France http://www.interieur.gouv.fr
Bundespolizei Germany http://www.bundespolizei.de
Ελληνική Αστυνομία Greece http://www.minocp.gov.gr
Λιμενικό Σώμα Greece http://www.yen.gr
Rendőrség Hungary http://www.police.hu
An Garda Síochána Ireland http://www.garda.ie
Agenzia delle Dogane e dei Monopoli Italy http://www.agenziadoganemonopoli.gov.it
Carabinieri Italy http://www.carabinieri.it
Corpo Forestale dello Stato Italy http://www.corpoforestale.it
Guardia Costiera Italy http://www.guardiacostiera.it
Guardia di Finanza Italy http://www.gdf.gov.it
Polizia di Stato Italy http://www.poliziadistato.it
Valsts robežsardze Latvia http://www.rs.gov.lv
Valstybės sienos apsaugos tarnybos Lithuania http://www.pasienis.lt
Police Grand Ducale Luxembourg http://www.police.public.lu
Border Control Services Malta http://www.pulizija.gov.mt
http://www.agm.gov.mt
http://www.customs.gov.mt
Koninglijke Marechaussee The Netherlands http://www.defensie.nl/marechaussee
Politi Norway http://www.politi.no
Straż Graniczna Poland http://www.strazgraniczna.pl
Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras Portugal http://www.sef.pt
Politia de Frontieră Română Romania http://www.politiadefrontiera.ro
Úrad hraničnej a cudzineckej polície Slovakia http://www.minv.sk
Policija Slovenia http://www.policija.si
Cuerpo Nacional de Policía Spain http://www.policia.es
Guardia Civil Spain http://www.guardiacivil.es
Kustbevakningen Sweden http://www.kustbevakningen.se
Polisen Sweden http://www.polisen.se
The Swiss Border Guard Switzerland http://www.ezv.admin.ch
Border Force United Kingdom http://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/border-force

European projects

ABC4EU Automated Border Control Gates for Europe http://abc4eu.com/
FastPass a harmonized, modular reference system for all European automated border crossing points https://fastpass-project.eu/
MobilePass a secure, modular and distributed mobile border control solution for European land border crossing https://fastpass-project.eu/

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grand agreement No653676

Past Events

7-8 December 2017 BODEGA - Workshop on Future Border Control - Toward Smart Human / Machine Task Allocation CEIS organised a workshop entitled “Future Border Control - Towards Smart Human / Machine Task Allocation”. This event was held in the framework of the European H2020 Security project BODEGA.15 European Border Management practitioners from national authorities and experts of 9 different Member States attended this event. Europol, The European Passenger Federation and the Eurosint Forum were represented. During this event, VTT started the day by summarizing the key objectives of the BODEGA project. CEIS then presented a matrix, describing the respective strengths and weaknesses of humans and machines in the completion of Border Management tasks. Paris, France
27-28 November 2017 UNECE Working Party on Railway Transport UIC participated to a Working Party on Railway Transport organised by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in Geneva, Switzerland. During the event, members of UIC’s security division had the opportunity to present the organisation’s activities to 50 government representatives in charge of in-land transports and members of other international transport organisations. Geneva, Switzerland
16 November 2017 COLPOFER 67th General Assembly UIC participated to the 67th General Assembly of COLPOFER. COLPOFER is an international organisation dedicated to promoting collaboration between railway companies and railway police forces. Within the context of the event, UIC presented its recent activities, including the latest progress in BODEGA-related research, to 35 security managers from different railway organisations operating across Europe. Vienna, Austria
14-15 November 2017 Security Research, Innovation and Education Event (SRIEE) 2017 VTT attended the Security Research, Innovation and Education Event (SRIEE) 2017. The event comprised a Security Research Conference (SRC) and an exhibitors’ area, where VTT set up a stand dedicated to one of his research projects. The stand was used for distributing BODEGA-related flyers and share with participants other information about the project. The SRIEE 2017 was organised by the European Commission in cooperation with the Estonian Academy of the Security Sciences (EASS) and the Estonian Ministry of the Interior. Tallinn, Estonia
26 October 2017 24th UITP Security Commission Meeting Representatives of UIC’s security division presented the status of ongoing security research projects in which UIC is involved within the context of a meeting of the International Association of Public Transport’s (UITP) security commission, attended by 35 transport security managers. Prague, Czech Republic
26 October 2017 International Conference on Applied Psychology and Educational sciences UIC attended the 7th International Conference on Applied Psychology and Educational Sciences, organised by the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” of the University of Iasi. During the conference, which was attended by 120 between scholars, researchers and students of applied psychology and educational sciences, UIC mentioned BODEGA within the context of a presentation titled ’Applying Psychology to Make Railway Transport Safer and More Secure’ Iasi, Romania
17-18 October 2017 Eu-LISA Annual Conference2017 CEIS participated to eu-LISA’s 4th Annual Conference, themed ’Going Digital for a Safe and Secure Europe’. The conference was attended by 180 border management professionals. Participation to the event was leveraged by CEIS for presenting BODEGA during breaks and invite new participants to the project’s end-users workshops Tallinn, Estonia
18 September 2017 EAB Research Project Conference (EAB-RPC) VTT participated to the 4th edition of the EAB Research Projects Conference, organised by the European Association for Biometrics in cooperation with the Joint Research Center (DG-JRC) of the EC, and Fraunhofer IGD. The event involved researchers from several EU-funded research projects, including BODEGA. During the conference, VTT offered an update on the status of BODEGA to participants ranging from border control end-users and policy makers to managers of large IT-systems and industry representatives Darmstadt, Germany
12 July 2017 EAB Biometrics in Aviation seminar VTT participated to a seminar organised by the European Association for Biometrics (EAB), in collaboration with IATA. During the seminar, VTT delivered a presentation focusing on current practice and vulnerabilities of Automated Border Control (ABC) in Europe. The event was attended by representatives of the aviation industry, including airports, airlines, government and industry. Lisbon, Portugal
From 17 to 21 July 2017 AHFE conference 8th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and ergonomics - A BODEGA presentation has been given on "Human Factors approach to study border control automation impacts and needs: methodology and preliminary results of field studies" BODEGA presentation made during the conference Los Angeles, California
7 June 2017 Test of the card game Event with Border guards - Test of the card game for enhancing travellers’ cooperation Pielisen Museo of Lieska, Finland
18-19 May 2017 Joint Exploitation Event TCS, VTT and Z&P took part in a joint exploitation event with representatives of four other EC-funded research projects in the border control domain (ACXIS, C-BORD, CORE and SOURCE). The event benefited from the support of the EC’s ’Exploitation Booster’ service. The event gave each project the opportunity to present technology-focused research results to 80 potential end users, including members of custom agencies and representatives of the European
Commission. BODEGA consortium members contributed to the event by delivering three business pitch presentations focused on the following results of BODEGA:

Paris, France
2-5 May 2017 Joint Showcase Event of ABC4EU and BODEGA-projects The event provided an opportunity to expand the end-user community of the BODEGA and ABC4EU research projects while contributing to the dissemination, discussion and validation of their results. While the aim of BODEGA is to enhance efficiency, security and traveller experience of the border control process taking into account human factors and ethical aspects, ABC4EU1 (Automated Border Control Gates for Europe) aims to harmonise border control technology in accordance with Smart Borders legislation Levi, Lapland
18-19 January 2017 BODEGA End-users Workshop 3: Digital transformation in Border Control - Impact on Border Guards’ Work & training 18 European Border Management practitioners stemming from national authorities of 7 different Member States attended this event. Frontex - the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, the United States Department of Homeland Security and the World Customs Organisation were represented as well. On this occasion CEIS, VTT and UIC presented some of the results of the research conducted within the BODEGA project and representatives from Frontex, the United States Department of Homeland Security and the Royal Netherlands Maréchaussée presented their views on the impact of Digital Transformation within their respective organisations. Madrid, Spain
4-7 October 2016 BODEGA Air, Maritime and Road Field studies in Greece. Observations and interviews has been conducted in different border crossing points with top managers, managers, trainers and border guards thanks to the cooperation of KEMEA. Greece
26-29 September 2016 BODEGA Rail and Road Field studies in Poland. Observations and interviews has been conducted in different border crossing points with top managers, managers and border guards thanks to the cooperation of the Polish Straz Graniczna. Poland
August 2016 BODEGA Field studies in Finland. Manager and border guard interviews were conducted at different border crossing points (airport, rail and road borders) and at the Border and Coast Guard Academy thanks to the cooperation of Finnish Border Guards. Observations and surveys were conducted at Helsinki airport on the use of Automated Border Control (ABC) by travellers and border guards. Helsinki, Finland
29 June 2016 BODEGA End-users Workshop 2: Human requirements for future Smart Borders. This workshop focusing on the consequences of the digitalisation of border control processes gathered eighteen border control professionals from different relevant Member States’ services – police, customs, border guard agencies – representing 12 European countries. The European agency FRONTEX was also in attendance. Brussels, Belgium
21st-22nd June 2016 BODEGA field studies carried out at Rome Fiumicino Airport The two-day event was organised by Agenzia delle Dogane e dei Monopoli (ADM) and saw the participation of a delegation from the BODEGA consortium alongside representatives of Polizia di Frontiera. The first day of the field studies was dedicated to a visit of the airport’s customs control area. On the second day, the BODEGA team visited the border control area, where researchers focused their observations on the airport’s Automated Border Control and video-surveillance systems, and interviewed border guards involved in 1st and 2nd line checks. Fiumicino, Rome
29 May-2 June 2016 11th World Congress on Railway Research (WCRR) BODEGA project presentation by UIC Milan, Italy
19 April 2016 Transport Research Arena 2016 (TRA 2016) BODEGA project presentation by UIC Warsaw, Poland
08 April 2016 BODEGA Rail Field studies with the Belgian Police Thanks to the support of the Belgian Police, UIC had the opportunity to organise the first rail field study on 8 April 2016 in the Eurostar Channel Terminal from Brussels-Midi railway station. As a partner of the BODEGA consortium, UIC is the responsible of the BODEGA field studies. The field study team was composed of Human Factor specialists as well as an expert in ethics, representing CEA, CEIS, the University of Namur and UIC Brussels, Belgium
12 November 2015 BODEGA End-users Workshop 1 Smart Borders, Smarter Border Guards ? How will border control professionals be impacted by the introduction of Smart Borders ? Brussels, Belgium
08 October 2015 eu-LISA annual conference "The future tested: towards a smart borders reality " Tallinn, Estonia
08 July 2015 BODEGA first Air Field visit in France In order to provide Human Factors experts with an overview regarding border guard activities, a visit to Orly (Paris) airport was organized. Thanks to this first field visit, the Human Factors experts were able to produce an initial set of methodology to conduct the next field studies Paris, France
10-11 June 2015 BODEGA kick-off meeting BODEGA kick-off meeting Tampere, Finland

General Structure

WP1 - Management (led by VTT)

WP1 focuses on the day-to-day management tasks of the BODEGA project, ensuring that it stays on track, and that all planned deliverables are met.

WP2 - Responsible Research and Innovation ( led by University of Namur)

WP2 will develop a Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) framework for the BODEGA project. The framework will be integrated into other work packages
Work Package 2 creates an analytical overview of existing approaches to the consideration of human factors in border control. Particular attention will be paid to the integration of ethical and societal issues in order to clarify a clear mapping of possible areas for innovation and unclear problems.

WP3 - Border guard’s work and border control: end-user requirements for future Smart Borders (led by VTT)

WP3 will produce an understanding of the human factors and motivational issues of border guard’s work and border control tasks. The physical, organisational and technical environment will be taken into account. This understanding will be mainly achieved thorough field studies in which border guard work is observed and studied by interviewing different stakeholders including border guards, decision makers and passengers. The field studies will be carried out at several air, sea and land borders.

The objectives are :

  • Construct an understanding of the human factors and motivational issues of border guard’s work and border control tasks,
    • physical,
    • organisational
    • technical environment
  • Collect, analyse and synthesise human factor -needs and requirements
    • Smart Borders
    • Smarter solutions
    • Automated border control.
  • Provide input to PROPER toolbox
    • Repository of human factors requirements
    • Field study methodologies
    • Task models

WP4 - Human factors Analysis : In-depth cognitive assessment and first requirements for future smarter borders focusing on human factors (led by CEA)

In WP4, the data from WP3 will be organized within task models to deliver a comprehensive picture of the human factors at border crossing. Work package 4 will also process the data gathered in WP3 for an in-depth inquiry of skills and effective abilities of border controllers implied during border control. The study will focus on cognitive processes implied during document verification, identity verification and more particularly to perception strategies and attention (for example face recognition), situation awareness and decision making. WP4 will provide first requirements for smarter borders regarding human factors.

The objectives are

  • Build Task models from cognitive task analysis performed in WP3 to be used in WP5 and WP6 for
    • Document verification
    • Identity verification
    • Background data based risk analysis (Information systems used by borderguards)
    • Video based risk analysis
    • ABC: interaction with border guards
    • HM Interfacing operating a mobile device when a passenger is checked at a border
      : traveller’s point of view, gamification and e-learning, decision support systems
  • Provide an in-depth literature inquiry about :
    • The human factors addressed at borders in light of the cognitive task analysis in Processes implied in identity and document verification, (perception and attention, situation awareness, decision making, vigilance …
    • Human-machine Task allocation in complex systems; lessons learned from other field domains like air traffic control or industrial and nuclear power plants
    • Organizational issues (shifts, collaborative work)
  • Provide first requirements for smarter borders regarding human factors.

WP5 - Innovative interaction between technologies and humans (led by Thales)

Based on WP2, WP3 and WP4 findings, WP5 will concentrate on the border control task allocation between human and machine. It will propose innovative interaction between humans and technologies. The study will focus on traditional duties like document verification, identity verification and risk assessment on the travellers. WP5 will produce recommendations based on studies and/or mock-ups to simplify the border guard’s operational mission. These recommendations will be integrated into the PROPER toolbox. In relation with WP7 this output will be used to evaluate how the different concepts are working.

The objective is to provide recommendations on innovative interaction between technologies and humans for

  • Document verification
  • Identity verification
  • Data based risk analysis
  • Video based risk analysis
  • ABC: interaction with the border guard
  • HMI using mobile device Multi-modal biometric enrolment and identification systems, identity documents issuance

WP6 - Innovative processes and organisation (led by ATOS)

WP6 will take advantage of WP2, WP3 and WP4 findings, and incorporate those into processes that are part of the rail, road, maritime and air border control activities. The study will take into account processes from both travellers and border guards’ points of view. Work package 6 will also investigate mid and long-term decision making processes in regard to the border controls for the different environments. Innovative game and e-learning solutions will be designed and
piloted.

The objectives are

  • Facilitate control processes to travelers
    • Establish clear and explicit guidelines for enhancing travelers cooperation, of the border control processes, increasing effectiveness of the border crossing process from the travelers point of view
  • Strengthened border control staff capabilities
    • Establish of homogenous, best practices of training, organizing, managing and skill and knowledge maintenance for the border control staff
  • Improved decision-making process:
    • Definition of key factors to be included in mid- and long-term decision-making processes
    • Guidelines for decision support systems to be used in smart borders
  • Demonstration:
    • Demonstrating innovative gaming and e-learning solutions for border control (e.g. for training, traveler experience)

WP7 - Innovation, integration of the toolbox and iterative assessment (led by CEIS)

WP7 will gather end users’, border management decision-makers, border guards and travellers’ representatives, inputs and assess the results of the project iteratively. The work package will start with identifying the various stakeholders on EU border control and security from policy makers to industry to researchers in previous border control projects, to create a network for facilitating the exchange of best practices and for co-developing the Toolbox. Then Work package 7 will integrate the validated results as a toolbox and create a network of stakeholders and facilitate the exchange of best practices between end-users, researchers and the academic and scientific community.

The objective of this work package are

  • Build up a comprehensive stakeholder map and a network for the gathering end users’ - border management decision-makers, border guards and travellers’ representatives - inputs and assessing the results of the project relying on an iterative feedback process in different phases of the project.
  • Create a network of stakeholders and facilitating the exchange of best practices between end-users, researchers and the academic and scientific community and related projects conducted in the framework of FP7 and, if applicable, H2020. This will be done in workshops but also through private internet workspace accomplished in WP8.
  • Ensure and show in measurable terms that the results developed in earlier work packages will of high quality for end users and with regards to innovativeness and applicability in border control. This aim will be achieved by designing a common methodology and criteria for measuring the success of the results and arranging validation and evaluation actions through a number of end user workshops and iterative co-design activities.
  • Collect the validated results in a toolbox - PROPER Toolbox – to promote taking the results into use for the benefit of border control and the work of border guards. The Toolbox will be carefully validated as well with different users and stakeholders.

WP8 - Dissemination and Exploitation (led by Zanasi & partners)

WP8 manages the dissemination of the knowledge generated and the results achieved during the whole project duration. The work carried out in WP8 is intended to generate awareness of the BODEGA project across any interested stakeholder, including border control authorities, law enforcement agencies, experts in privacy and ethical issues, psychologists, artificial intelligence practitioners, manufacturers of border control technologies (both hardware and software), teaching and training institutions, governmental and enterprise decision-makers.

Acceptance

The use of the BODEGA project’ website implies full acceptance of the following terms and conditions.

Intellectual property

All trademarks and logos displayed on the website www.bodega-project.eu are the property of the International Union of Railways (UIC) and protected by the intellectual property laws applied in France. They may not be used or copied in any way without prior and express permission from the International Union of Railways (UIC), which reserves the right to prosecute any act infringing its intellectual property rights.

The BODEGA project provides links to third-party and external websites, for which it disclaims any responsibility. The insertion of these links does not in any way imply the approval of or an existing partnership with any of these sites. In no event shall the BODEGA project be held liable for the referencing of these sites on its website. The insertion, on external sites, of hyper links to the BODEGA project’ website is subject to prior and express permission from the BODEGA project.

The BODEGA project consequently assumes no liability for the content or the use of:

  • Sites linked to from the BODEGA project’ website
  • Sites containing a link to the BODEGA project’ website

Security

It is the responsibility of all Internet users consulting the BODEGA project’ website to avoid infecting the site with viruses of any description.

The BODEGA project assumes no liability for any direct or indirect damages arising from access to or use of the site www.bodega-project.eu or the information contained on it.

Personal information

Personal information obtained via the discussion forum on the BODEGA project’ website may not be used for purposes other than to contribute to the proposed discussion topics.

A moderator may change or remove, prior to its being displayed on the discussion forum, any posting that is irrelevant to the topic addressed or that is unlawful.

Users have the right to access, change, correct or remove any of their personal information (as provided for by Article 34 of the French Data Protection Law of 6 January 1978). Users may ask for their comments on the discussion forum to be removed at any time by sending a message to webmaster@nextstation2015.com or by writing to UIC – Legal Department, 16 rue Jean Rey, 75015 Paris.

Site access

The International Union of Railways (UIC) reserves the right to suspend, interrupt or change the site access hours without prior notice.

The hardware required to connect to the Internet, as well as any costs associated with consultation of the site, shall be borne exclusively by the Internet user.

The BODEGA project’ website has been created and edited in compliance with the laws applied in France. In accessing this website, Internet users resident outside France shall ensure that they are in compliance with the locally-applicable legislation relating to the use and content of this website.

Liability

The BODEGA project assumes no liability whatsoever for any direct or indirect damages arising from the use, access or inability to access the BODEGA project’ website. Neither shall the BODEGA project be held liable for the risks related to the completeness, accuracy, suitability or topicality of the information.

The costs and expenses incurred by the BODEGA project due to any request resulting from the user’s breaching the present terms of use or in relation to the user’s site use shall be assumed exclusively by the user.

Other information

The website’s content management system software is SPIP.

The site www.bodega-project.eu is hosted on the UIC’ server hardware.

Amendments to the terms and conditions of use

The International Union of Railways (UIC) reserves the right to amend the present terms and conditions of use without prior notice. It is users’ responsibility to consult the terms and conditions on a regular basis.

Credits

Editor:

International Union of Railways (UIC)
16 rue Jean Rey 75015
Paris

Publication/hosting:

International Union of Railways (UIC)
16 rue Jean Rey 75015
Paris

Coordinator
Veikko IKONEN
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Human-Driven Design and System Dynamics
Tekniikankatu 1, 33720 Tampere
FI-33101 TAMPERE
email: Veikko.Ikonen@vtt.fi

Website content
Marie-Hélène BONNEAU
UIC
16, rue Jean Rey
75015 Paris
France
email: bonneau@uic.org

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BODEGA’s aim is to develop future border checks with human factors expertise in order to enhance efficiency , border security and traveller satisfaction. The project focuses on the changes to traveller processes and border controller work due to the introduction of smarter border control systems like automated gates and self-service systems based on biometrics. The traveller is one important actor in the entire process and thus also the traveller’s role needs to be carefully considered in the development and implementation of future technologies.

In order to gain better understanding of different aspects of border crossing from travellers’ point of view, we’ve conducted a survey that focuses on travellers’ experience, opinions and perceptions concerning current as well as future border control.

Please fill in the questionnaire and share your experiences!

Travellers survey

The survey will take about 15-20 minutes. Be assured that all answers you provide will be kept in strictest confidence. The online survey is available in Greek, Spanish, German, English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian and Finish languages.

Travellers survey

Border guards survey

This questionnaire is dedicated to Border Guards. It focuses on two solutions used for border control purposes: fingerprint systems and video-based technologies. This survey aims at collecting feedback of border guards regarding their experience while using them.

Border guards survey

ProFace: Facial recognition tool.
ProFace is a tool available in first line suitable for all border crossing point. It is integrated with the current environment of border guards (document information received by the scanner reader and data based results). ProFace give all the inputs to the border guards to let them take the right decision about a traveler. ProFace is useful to detect look alike and also to take a decision for a child thanks to an ageing feature. Copyright: Thales